Occupational Therapy -> Instrumental Activities of Daily Living

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living

Activities in which a person engages with his or her environment in order to maintain independent living. Instrumental activities of daily living are often not engaged in until later in childhood, the teenage years or early adulthood. IADLs include care of others, child rearing, care of pets, communication device use, community mobility, financial management, health management and maintenance, home establishment and management, meal preparation and clean up, religious observance, shopping, and safety procedures and emergency maintenance. Occupational therapists can address any and all IADLs including underlying skills required in order to promote independent living.

Minor focus areas

Related Disorder(s)

  • Neurological Conditions - Types of neurological conditions may include: Alzheimer’s Disease, Dementias, Brain Cancer, Epilepsy and Other Seizure Disorders, Mental Disorders, Parkinson’s and Other Movement Disorders, and Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA).
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, or rape or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury.

Reference links

  • Changes In American Children's Time - 1997 to 2003 Author: Sandra L Hofferth - According to research by Sandra Hofferth, children between six and twelve years of age spend an average of just under three hours per week on housework (and almost 14 hours per week watching television!). While it’s important that children not have to shoulder adult-size responsibilities, pitching in by helping with household chores won’t hurt them and may even help them.
  • What to Know About ADLs and IADLS Author: VeryWell Health - Here is a basic guide to ADLS (Activities of Daily Living) and IADLS (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living).