Speech Therapy -> Fluency

Fluency

Fluency refers to the smooth, forward flow of speech. An individual with a fluency disorder/difference such as stuttering or cluttering experiences disruptions in the forward flow of their speech. Examples of disruptions include repeating sounds or words, prolonging sounds, or blocking (getting stuck) on sounds or words. These disruptions can be accompanied by tension, observable behaviors or avoidance, negative thoughts, and negative feelings that impact the individual’s overall communication.

Minor focus areas

Assessments

Therapists

Therapists who selected this major focus area as their top area of expertise.

  • Ian Quillen

    Ian Quillen

    Therapist CCC-SLP

    As a therapist, I specialize in working with children and adults who stutter. I also serve as a C...

    • Ambitious Idea Labs (Ambiki) Ambitious Idea Labs (Ambiki)
    • Sidekick Therapy Partners Sidekick Therapy Partners
  • Eddie Brown

    Eddie Brown

    Therapist CCC-SLP

    Hi! I'm Eddie and I'm a person who stutters. My passion is working with people who stutter, resea...

    • ebrown@mysidekicktherapy.com ebrown@mysidekicktherapy.com
    • Sidekick Therapy Partners Sidekick Therapy Partners

Visual Schedule Cards

Related Disorder(s)

  • Stuttering and other fluency disorders - A fluency disorder is an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by atypical rate, rhythm, and disfluencies (e.g., repetitions of sounds, syllables, words, and phrases; sound prolongations; and blocks), which may also be accompanied by excessive tension, speaking avoidance, struggle behaviors, and secondary mannerisms (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association [ASHA], 1993). People with fluency disorders also frequently experience psychological, emotional, social, and functional impacts as a result of their communication disorder (Tichenor & Yaruss, 2019a). Stuttering is the most common fluency disorder.
  • Motor Speech Disorders - Dysarthria can be related to neurological damage, however it can be related to many other causes. Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder above all. A dysarthria diagnoses can come from a weakened Parkinson’s patient, a anatomy damaged TBI patient, a stroke patient with cranial nerve and strength deficits, etc).
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder - Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental condition that involves persistent challenges in social interaction, speech and nonverbal communication, and restricted/repetitive behaviors. The effects of ASD and the severity of symptoms are different in each person.
  • Childhood apraxia of speech - Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a disorder that involves difficulty in making speech sounds voluntarily and stringing these sounds together in the correct order to make words. A person with childhood apraxia of speech is not intellectually impaired. Speech pathologists assess, diagnose and support people with CAS.

Reference links

  • Multilingual, Multicultural, Bilingual Resource Link For SLPs Author: ASHA - Link includes ASHA resources and information related to evaluation and treatment of clients from linguistically and culturally diverse backgrounds. Link includes ASHA resources to: Accent Modification Bilingual Service Delivery Collaborating With Interpreters, Transliterators, and Translators Cultural Competence Voice and Communication Services for Transgender and Gender Diverse Populations Dynamic Assessment Micro Course Cultural Competence Self Assessment Phonemic Inventories and Cultural and Linguistic Information Across Languages Collaboration With Interpreters: Securing Positive Outcomes Practical Assessment and Treatment Strategies for English Language Learners with Language Impairments Serving Clients From Diverse Backgrounds: Speech-Language Difference vs. Disorder Langu Continuing the Dialogue on Dialect: Positive Steps Toward Less Biased Assessments of Children Who Speak African American Englishage and Identity--Shifting Away from a Deficit Perspective on African American English Información en español
  • Bilingual (Spanish/English) Evaluation Resources Author: Bilinguistics - Dozens of speech, language, fluency, and other evaluation resources for bilingual evaluations
  • Fluency Disorders Author: The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association - A fluency disorder is an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by atypical rate, rhythm, and disfluencies (e.g., repetitions of sounds, syllables, words, and phrases; sound prolongations; and blocks), which may also be accompanied by excessive tension, speaking avoidance, struggle behaviors, and secondary mannerisms. People with fluency disorders also frequently experience psychological, emotional, social, and functional impacts as a result of their communication disorder.
  • Bilingual Service Delivery Author: ASHA - Information and resources regarding bilingual service delivery by SLPs (from ASHA)