Speech Therapy -> Articulation -> Distortions

Distortions

Distortions are when a child uses a non-typical sound for a typically developing sound. Generally the parts are mostly there, but they are a little wrong. A child says a word that sounds like something what it should, but is not quite right. For example, 'shlip' instead of 'ship'.

Reference links

  • Segmentation and Representation of Consonant Blends In Kindergarten Children’s Spellings 0
    pubs.asha.org
    Author: Krystal L. Werfel and C. Melanie Schuele - During the period of emergence, the properties of phonemes that comprise consonant blends influence children’s ability to segment and represent blends. This finding has implications for how phonemic awareness, spelling instruction, and intervention might proceed. Results Kindergarten children showed varied ability to segment and represent consonant blends and were differentially successful depending on the linguistic features of the blends. Children were more likely to represent initial blends than final blends, final nonnasal blends than final nasal blends, nonhomorganic blends than homorganic blends, and initial nasal blends than final nasal blends.
  • Speech Sound Errors. The Most Common Speech Errors a Child is Likely to Make. 1
    www.speechlanguage-resources.com
    Author: David Newmonic - Speech Sound Errors: Speech production difficulties are the most common form of communication impairment school-based speech pathologists are likely to encounter when working in schools.

Activity List(s)

Goal Bank

Top 20 (View all)

  • Marline will correctly imitate, then spontaneously produce the /r/ phoneme (including blends) in all word positions in words, phrases, sentences, and finally conversation with 80% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions in order to improve intelligibility. 3
  • Frances will produce the /l/ phoneme in the initial, medial, and final position of the word with 90% accuracy across 3 consecutive sessions with fading visual cues in imitative, then spontaneous phrases, sentences, and paragraphs moving on to expanded syllable levels, brief and longer monologues, and word when ready to demonstrate age-appropriate articulation over 3 therapy sessions. 2
  • Tobias will correctly produce /k/ in all positions of words imitatively, then spontaneous words, phrases and sentences with 80% accuracy as measured by data collection, informal speech screenings, and observations to demonstrate articulation skills over 5 therapy sessions. 1
  • David will produce prevocalic /r/ in words/phrases/sentences to participate in active decision-making in 3 /4 opportunities with 50% modeling for 4 data collections. 0
  • Wynell will produce the voiceless "th" phoneme in the all position of words with typical speaking rate in spontaneous utterances with at least 90% accuracy, and will self-monitor/correct errors with the fading use of therapist cueing across 3 consecutive sessions to increase speech intelligibility. 1
  • Fermina will imitate age appropriate bilabial sounds (p,b,m) and age-appropriate consonants (n, w, h, t, k, f, g) in consonant+ vowel, vowel+consonant, consonant+vowel+consonant, and consonant+vowel+consonant+vowel combinations with 80% accuracy across 5 consecutive sessions to improve speech intelligibility. 3
  • Raylene will produce previously learned speech sounds in all positions of words, at the phoneme level spontaneously with 80% accuracy, for 3 consecutive sessions to improve speech intelligibility. 2
  • Grady will produce affricate phonemes (including /ch, dj/) in all word positions moving from imitation to elicited productions to spontaneous productions in word, phrase, sentence, and finally conversation, progressing from one level to the next with 80% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions to improve overall speech intelligibility. 6
  • William will produce /r/-blends in initial, medial, and final word positions moving from imitation to elicited production in isolation, syllables, words, and then phrases, progressing from one level to the next when mastery is achieved with 90% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions to improve speech intelligibility. 2
  • Mary will self-monitor and correctly produce speech sounds in words, structured phrase, and unstructured sentence with 80% accuracy across 3 consecutive sessions with minimal cues to improve overall intelligibility. 3
  • Given visual and verbal stimuli, Jill will correctly produce VC/CV words first in imitation then spontaneously in phrases and sentences with 90% accuracy across 3 therapy sessions to improve speech intelligibility. 2
  • Clement will imitate, then produce "ng" in MWP and FWP (including blends) in syllables, words, and phrases with 80% accuracy over 5 consecutive sessions as measured by clinical observation and documentation to increase overall speech intelligibility. 4
  • Melissia will produce long vowels, short vowels, and diphthongs in isolation with 90% accuracy across 3 consecutive sessions to improve articulation skills. 2
  • Edelmira will produce /p/ phoneme in the initial, medial, and final position of words at the phonemes, syllables, and word level with 90% accuracy across 3 sessions as measured by data collection and observation to improve overall speech intelligibility. 3
  • Sallie will produce s-blends, l-blends and r-blends in all positions of the word in imitative, then spontaneous words, phrases, and sentences with 80% accuracy across 3 consecutive sessions as measured by clinician data and observation to increase overall speech intelligibility. 2
  • Rolf will produce the following phonemes /g, k, d, y, sh, ch, l, r, j, th, v, s, z/ in all positions of the word in imitative, then spontaneous syllables, words, and phrases, sentence, and conversation when ready with 80% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions to improve overall speech intelligibility. 2
  • Rick will produce /p/ in all positions spontaneously in words, phrases and sentences with 90% accuracy across 3 therapy sessions to increase intelligibility. 2
  • Mauro will produce a variety of consonant-vowel combinations including CV, VC, CVC, and CVCV words with fading prompts in structured and play activities to improve speech intelligibility with 90% accuracy across 3 sessions. 2
  • Jane will produce prevocalic /r/ at the sentence level spontaneously to express needs, in 4 / 5 trials given 25% verbal modeling across 3 consecutive therapy sessions. 0
  • Raymundo will spontaneously produce /l/ in all positions of words in words with 90% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions to improve overall speech intelligibility. 2

Resources

Top 20 (View all)

  • /b/ Articulation Cards (27) preview

    /b/ Articulation Cards (27)

    Breann Voytko

    Articulation Cards for /b/ in all positions: Initial: 9 targets Medial: 9 targets Final: 9 targets

    Includes activity list

    2

  • /f/ Articulation Cards preview

    /f/ Articulation Cards

    Breann Voytko

    Articulation Cards for /f/ in all positions: Initial: 16 targets; Medial: 16 targets; Final: 16 targets.

    2

  • Valentine’s Articulation /l/ preview

    Valentine’s Articulation /l/

    Breann Voytko

    Practice /l/ this Valentine’s Day.

    3

  • S, S Blend, L and L Blend Sentences AWP Without VL Th or Z preview

    S, S Blend, L and L Blend Sentences AWP Without VL Th or Z

    Nancy Milbourne, MS, CCC-SLP

    These sentences were created for a specific middle school client with /s, l/, /s/blend and /l/blend goals at sentence level, who also presented with distortions of voiceless /th/ and /z/. The sente...

    3

  • /l/-Blends Word List preview

    /l/-Blends Word List

    Breann Voytko

    /l/-blends in the initial and medial positions.

    1

  • /s/ Word List preview

    /s/ Word List

    Breann Voytko

    /s/ in the initial, medial, and final positions

    1

  • Valentine’s Articulation Pre-Vocalic /r/ preview

    Valentine’s Articulation Pre-Vocalic /r/

    Breann Voytko

    Practice pre-vocalic /r/ this Valentine’s Day.

    2

  • Articulation B Polka Dot Egg Worksheets For Easter preview

    Articulation B Polka Dot Egg Worksheets For Easter

    Sara Lowczyk

    Low ink, no prep B words in polka dot eggs. Separated into their sounds (3 sheets for initial b, medial b and final b and three sheets with mixed positions and one blank page to write in your own t...

    1

  • /fl/ Blend preview

    /fl/ Blend

    Ambiki

    Articulation Resource. Speech Resource. SLP. Articulation cards for the /fl/ blend in the initial position. Each card contains one word and associated image. Words: flyswatter, flame, flounder, flo...

    1

  • Articulation L Flash Cards: All Positions, preview

    Articulation L Flash Cards: All Positions,

    Sara Lowczyk

    All positions of L words in color. 7 pages of all positions.

    1

  • Pre-Vocalic /r/ Word List preview

    Pre-Vocalic /r/ Word List

    Breann Voytko

    Pre-vocalic /r/ in the initial position.

    1

  • Easter Bunny Articulation For L, R, and S Blends preview

    Easter Bunny Articulation For L, R, and S Blends

    Breann Voytko

    No Prep worksheets in color and b&w for L, R, and S blends. Contains the following: L Blends: 20 targets in color and b&w R Blends: 20 targets in color and b&w S Blends: 20 targets in color and b&w

    1

  • /dr/ Blend preview

    /dr/ Blend

    Ambiki

    Articulation Resource. Speech Resource. SLP. Articulation cards for the /dr/ blend in the initial position. Each card contains one word and associated image. Words: drum, dress, dragon, drill, drin...

    Includes activity list

    1

  • Christmas Speech Homework preview

    Christmas Speech Homework

    Breann Voytko

    Have some fun with this customizable Christmas tree homework sheet.

    2

  • Articulation /s/ Blend Shamrock Worksheets preview

    Articulation /s/ Blend Shamrock Worksheets

    Sara Lowczyk

    Low ink, no prep /s/ blend words in polka dot St. Patrick’s Day shamrocks. Separated into their sounds (two sheets for /sk/, /st/ etc), and two sheets with mixed blends).

    1

  • /s/ Blend Polka Dot Valentine’s Cards preview

    /s/ Blend Polka Dot Valentine’s Cards

    Sara Lowczyk

    /s/ blend Valentine’s Day sheets for articulation practice.

    1

  • Speech Sounds Syllable Map: Liquids + Glides preview

    Speech Sounds Syllable Map: Liquids + Glides

    Gabriella Cousino, M.S., CF-SLP

    The "Speech Sounds Syllable Map: Liquids + Glides" resource was designed for speech therapy at the syllable level.

    2

  • /sh/ Articulation Cards preview

    /sh/ Articulation Cards

    Breann Voytko

    Articulation Cards for /sh/ in all positions: Initial: 16 targets; Medial: 16 targets; Final: 16 targets.

    1

  • Valentine’s Articulation /m/ and /n/ preview

    Valentine’s Articulation /m/ and /n/

    Breann Voytko

    Practice /m/ and /n/ this Valentine’s Day

    1

  • /f/ Word List preview

    /f/ Word List

    Breann Voytko

    /f/ in the initial, medial, and final positions.

    2

Professionals

Professionals who selected this minor focus area as their top area of expertise.

  • Rosemary O'Brien

    Rosemary O'Brien

    Full-time Therapist CF-SLP

    Areas that I enjoy working with include fluency, AAC, and gestalt language processing. I currentl...