Speech Therapy -> Expressive Language -> Vocalizations


Utterances that consist of 1 or more sounds that perform a communicative function. Vocalizations are bridges between non-verbal communication and real word oral communication.

Reference links

  • Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders - Vocalization 0
    Author: Elizabeth Schoen Simmons - Vocalizations are sounds produced by children before they learn to talk. For children with ASD, vocalizations may continue to be used throughout the life span, particularly if spoken language does not develop. Vocalizations can be divided into two categories: speechlike and nonspeech. Speechlike vocalizations include consonant and vowel sounds (e.g., baba, daba) and are often referred to as babbling or cooing. Nonspeech vocalizations are natural, vegetative sounds that do not resemble speech, such as crying, laughing, burbing, as well as uncommon sound productions such as high-pitched squeals and low-pitched growls. A higher frequency and longer persistence of atypical vocalizations has been found to be present in children with ASD and in infants at high risk for the syndrome, before spoken language emerges.

Activity List(s)

Visual Schedule Cards

Goal Bank

  • Marco will produce vocalic /r/ (ER, AR, AIR, EAR, IRE, OR) in words, phrases, and sentences, with modeling and 80% accuracy, for 3 data collection, to actively participate in everyday activities. 0
  • Whitney will develop and expand imitation skills, moving from imitation of motor patterns to imitation of vocal patterns and speech sounds with 90% accuracy across 3 sessions as measured by clinician data and observation to increase overall expressive language skills and speech intelligibility. 2
  • Judie will indicate wants and needs by combining gesture + vocalization 15 X a session, across 3 consecutive sessions to increase communicative intent as measured by clinician observation, with 25% verbal modeling. 0
  • With fading modeling, Jordan will use carrier phrases "I don't want (item or activity)" and/or "I want (item or activity)" using AAC or any multimodal communication when expressing refusal or approval in 3 out 4 opportunities in 6 consecutive sessions, for active participation in everyday life situations. 0
  • During structured and unstructured activities, Florencia will use action words to verbalize basic wants & needs (e.g. stop, go, turn, want, eat) with 90% accuracy across 3 consecutive therapy sessions to increase expressive communication. 3