Speech Therapy -> Phonology -> Fronting


Very common processes and speech sound errors seen in young boys and girls. Velar fronting occurs on production of the /k/ and /g/ phonemes. The /k/ and /g/ phonemes are made at the back of the mouth, when the tongue contacts the velum, which results in a blockage of the air stream. Children with velar fronting difficulty don't do this. Their tongue tip touches the front of the mouth to produce a /t/ or /d/. For instance, cart becomes tart, and goat becomes doat.

Reference links

Activity List(s)

Goal Bank

  • In order to improve speech intelligibility, Diane will reduce velar fronting (e.g., tup/cup; do/go) by producing /k, g/ in all word positions given minimal pairs (e.g., tup vs. cup) working from the word level to the conversational level with 80% accuracy given minimal cues over 5 consecutive sessions. 3
  • Rolf will produce the following phonemes /g, k, d, y, sh, ch, l, r, j, th, v, s, z/ in all positions of the word in imitative, then spontaneous syllables, words, and phrases, sentence, and conversation when ready with 80% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions to improve overall speech intelligibility. 2
  • Marline will correctly imitate, then spontaneously produce the /r/ phoneme (including blends) in all word positions in words, phrases, sentences, and finally conversation with 80% accuracy over 3 consecutive sessions in order to improve intelligibility. 3
  • Rick will produce /p/ in all positions spontaneously in words, phrases and sentences with 90% accuracy across 3 therapy sessions to increase intelligibility. 2


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